Risalah Masail al Muhtadi li Ikhwanil Mubtadi, a text written by Shaikh Daud bin Ismail bin Mustafa Rumî and its relation with the development of critical thinking. This manuscript has been taught as the  standard text and has been in existence  for the last 250 years. It is widely used in pesantren, the traditional religious education centers in the Malay world.